Thursday, 13 November 2014

Boston International Antiquarian Book Fair

What I wouldn't give to go to this year's Boston International Antiquarian Book Fair (November 14-16). Sadly, I will be grading papers for most of this weekend.


Sunday, 9 November 2014

Book Reviews on the History of Evangelicalism

I am in the process of grading papers for my courses at UTC. One of the classes that I am teaching this semester is "The History of Evangelicalism." In additional to readings from Mark Noll's The Rise of Evangelicalism, David Bebbington's The Dominance of Evangelicalism, Brian Stanley's The Global Diffusion of Evangelicalism, my Evangelicalism: A Reader, and Barry Hankins's Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism: A Documentary Reader, students are required to choose a book to review from an approved list that I provide. I give students a lengthy list of books on evangelicalism, and they are to select one book and write a 3-4 page review.

Whenever I provide these kind of extensive lists for book reviews, I never cajole students to read any particular title, and so I am always fascinated by their choices. Out of list of one hundred books, what book will they choose? Some students select books based on their denominational background (Methodism and Pentecostalism), parachurch affiliation (Campus Crusade), people who interest them (David Brainerd and John Newton), or a period of time that they wanted to study (the Roaring Twenties, the Great Awakening), while others are interested in reading a book by a known author (five people read Kate Bowler's book Blessed after she gave a lecture). Highlighted below are the books that this crop of students reviewed.





Approved Book List for The History of Evangelicalism



General Studies

David Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s (Rutledge, 2005)

Mark Hutchinson and John Wolffe, A Short History of Global Evangelicalism (Cambridge, 2012)

George Marsden, Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1991)



The Eighteenth Century



Catherine Brekus, Sarah Osborn’s World: The Rise of Evangelical Christianity in Early America (Yale, 2012) 
Brown-Lawson, John Wesley and the Anglican Evangelicals of the Eighteenth-Century (Pentland, 1994)

Vincent Carretta, Equiano the African: Biography of a Self-Made Man (Georgia, 2005)

J.C.D. Clark, English Society, 1660-1832: Religion, Ideology and Politics during the Ancien RĂ©gime  (Cambridge, 2000)

Vincent Carretta, Phillis Wheatley: Biography of a Genius in Bondage (Georgia, 2011)

Milton J. Coalter, Gilbert Tennent, Son of Thunder: A Case Study of Continental Pietism’s Impact on the First Great Awakening in the Middle Colonies (Praeger, 1986)

Joseph A. Conforti, Samuel Hopkins and the New Divinity Movement: Calvinism, the Congregational Ministry, and Reform in New England Between the Great Awakenings (Eerdmans, 1981)

Michael J. Crawford, Seasons of Grace: Colonial New England’s Revival Tradition in Its British Context (Oxford, 1991)

Eifion Evans, Daniel Rowland and the Great Evangelical Awakening in Wales (Banner of Truth Trust, 1985)

Linford Fisher, The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America (Oxford, 2012)

John R. Fitzmier, New England’s Moral Legislator: Timothy Dwight, 1752-1817 (Indiana, 1998)

John A. Grigg, The Lives of David Brainerd: The Making of an American Evangelical Icon (Oxford, 2009)

Allen C. Guelzo, Edwards on the Will: A Century of American Theological Debate (Wipf and Stock, 2008)

Timothy D. Hall, Contested Boundaries: Itinerancy and the Reshaping of the Colonial American Religious World (Duke, 1994)

Alan Harding, Selina: Countess of Huntingdon (Epworth, 2008)

Alan Harding, The Countess of Huntingdon’s Connexion: A Sect in Action (Oxford, 2003)

Michael A. G. Haykin, One Heart and One Soul: John Sutcliff of Olney (Evangelical Press, 1994)

Richard P. Heitzenrater, Wesley and the People Called Methodists (Abingdon, 1995)

David Hempton, Methodism: Empire of the Spirit (Yale, 2005)

D. Bruce Hindmarsh, The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiographies in Early Modern England (Oxford, 2008)

D. Bruce Hindmarsh, John Newton and the English Evangelical Tradition (Eerdmans, 1996)

David Ceri Jones, ‘A Glorious Work in the World’: Welsh Methodism and the International Evangelical Revival, 1735-1750 (Cardiff, 2004)

Thomas S. Kidd, The Great Awakening: The Roots of Evangelical Christianity in Colonial America (Yale, 2009)

David W. Kling, A Field of Divine Wonder: the New Divinity and Village Revivals in Northeastern Connecticut, 1792-1822 (Pennsylvania, 1993)

Frank Lambert, The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America (Princeton, 2006)

Frank Lambert, Inventing the “Great Awakening” (Princeton, 2001)

Bryan F. Le Beau, Jonathan Dickinson and the Formative Years of American Presbyterianism (Kentucky, 1997)

Phyllis Mack, Heart Religion in the British Enlightenment: Gender and Emotion in Early Methodism (Cambridge, 2011)

George Marsden, Jonathan Edwards: A Life (Yale, 2003)

J. C. S. Mason, The Moravian Church and the Missionary Awakening in England, 1760-1800 (Royal Historical Monographs, 2011)

Richard Newman, Freedom’s Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers (NYU, 2009)

Geoffrey F. Nuttall, Howel Harris, 1714-1773: The Last Enthusiast (University of Wales, 1965)

Geoffrey F. Nuttall, Richard Baxter and Philip Doddridge: A Study in a Tradition (Oxford, 1951)

Colin Podmore, The Moravian Church in England, 1728-1760 (Oxford, 1998)

Henry Rack, Reasonable Enthusiast: John Wesley and the Rise of Methodism, 2nd edition (Abingdon, 1993)

John Saillant, Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833 (Oxford, 2002)

Boyd S. Schlenther, Queen of the Methodists: The Countess of Huntingdon and the Eighteenth-Century Crisis of Faith and Society (Durham, 1997)

John Howard Smith, The Perfect Rule of the Christian Religion: A History of Sandemanianism in the Eighteenth Century (SUNY, 2010)

Harry S. Stout, The Divine Dramatist: George Whitefield and the Rise of Modern Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1992)

John R. Tyson, Assist Me to Proclaim: The Life and Hymns of Charles Wesley (Eerdmans, 2008)

Mark Valeri, Law and Providence in Joseph Bellamy’s New England: The Origins of the New Divinity in Revolutionary America (Oxford, 1994)

W. R. Ward, Early Evangelicalism: A Global Intellectual History, 1670-1789 (Cambridge, 2010)

W. R. Ward The Protestant Evangelical Awakening (Cambridge, 2002)

John Wigger, Taking Heaven by Storm: Methodism and the Rise of Popular Christianity in America (Oxford, 1998 and Illinois, 2001)

John Wigger, American Saint: Francis Asbury and the Methodists (Oxford, 2009)

Robert J. Wilson, The Benevolent Deity: Ebenezer Gay and the Rise of Rational Religion in New England, 1696-1787 (Pennsylvania, 1984)

John Wolffe, The Expansion of Evangelicalism (IVP, 2007)

Jonathan Yeager, Enlightened Evangelicalism: The Life and Thought of John Erskine (Oxford, 2011)



The Nineteenth Century

Debby Applegate, The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher (Three Rivers, 2007)

Philip S. Bagwell, Outcast London: A Christian Response: The West London Mission of the Methodist Church, 1887-1987 (Epworth, 1987)

Edith Blumhofer, Her Heart Can See: The Life and Hymns of Fanny J. Crosby (Eerdmans, 2005)

Ruth Bordin, Frances Willard: A Biography (UNC, 1986)

Anne M. Boylan, Sunday School: The Formation of an American Institution (Yale, 1982)

Catherine Brekus, Strangers and Pilgrims: Female Preaching in America, 1740-1845 (UNC, 1998)

James T. Campbell, Songs of Zion: The African Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States and South Africa (UNC, 1998)

Jay Riley Case, An Unpredictable Gospel: American Evangelicals and World Christianity, 1812-1920 (Oxford, 2012)

Richard Carwardine, Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America (Yale, 1993)

Roy F. Coad, A History of the Brethren Movement (Paternoster, 1968)

Lyle Dorsett, Billy Sunday and the Redemption of Urban America  (Eerdmans, 1991)

Frank Douglas, Less Than Conquerors: How Evangelicals Entered the Twentieth Century (Eerdmans, 1986)

Bruce J. Evensen, God’s Man for the Gilded Age: D. L. Moody and the Rise of Modern Evangelism (Oxford, 2003)

James R. Findlay, Dwight L. Moody, American Evangelist: 1838-1899 (Chicago, 1969)

Paul C. Gutjahr, Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy (Oxford, 2011)

Charles Hambrick-Stowe, Charles G. Finney and the Spirit of American Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1996)

Nancy Hardestry, Women Called to Witness: Evangelical Feminism in the Nineteenth Century, 2nd edition (Tennessee, 1999)

David Hempton, Evangelical Disenchantment: Nine Portraits of Faith and Doubt (Yale, 2008)

Timothy Larsen, Crisis of Doubt: Honest Faith in Nineteenth-Century England (Oxford, 2009)

Timothy Larsen, Christabel Pankhurst: Fundamentalism and Feminism in Coalition (Boydell, 2002)

Timothy Larsen, A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians (Oxford, 2011)

Donald M. Lewis, Lighten Their Darkness: The Evangelical Mission to Working Class London, 1828-1860 (Greenwood, 1986)

Kathryn T. Long, The Revival of 1857-58: Interpreting an American Religious Awakening (Oxford, 1998)

Amanda Porterfield, Mary Lyon and the Mount Holyoke Missionaries (Oxford, 1997)
Dana L. Robert, Occupy until I Come: A. T. Pierson and the Evangelization of the World (Eerdmans, 2003)

Ernest Sandeen, The Roots of Fundamentalism: British and American Millenarianism, 1800-1930 (Chicago, 1970)

John Wolffe, The Protestant Crusade in Great Britain, 1829-1860 (Oxford, 1988)



The Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

Randall Balmer, Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory: A Journey Into the Evangelical Subculture in America, 4th edition (Oxford, 2006)

Kate Bowler, Blessed: A History of the American Prosperity Gospel (Oxford, 2013)

Joel A. Carpenter, Revive Us Again: The Reawakening of American Fundamentalism: 1925-1950 (Oxford, 1997)

Alister Chapman, Godly Ambition: John Sott and the Evangelical Movement (Oxford, 2014)

John A. D’Elia, George Elson Ladd and the Rehabilitation of Evangelical Scholarship in America (Oxford, 2008)

Darren Dochuk, From Bible Belt to Sunbelt: Plain-Folk Religion, Grassroots Politics, and the Rise of Evangelical Conservativism (W. W. Norton, 2011)

Elaine Howard Ecklund, Korean American Evangelicals: New Models for Civic Life (Oxford, 2006)

Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided by Faith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America (Oxford, 2000)

Larry Eskridge, God’s Forever Family: The Jesus People Movement in America (Oxford, 2013)

R. Marie Griffith, God’s Daughters: Evangelical Women and the Power of Submission (California, 1997)

Barry Hankins, Jesus and Gin: Evangelicalism, the Roaring Twenties and Today’s Culture Wars (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)

D. G. Hart, Defending the Faith: J. Gresham Machen and the Crisis of Conservative Protestantism in America (Johns Hopkins, 1994)

D. G. Hart, Deconstructing Evangelicalism: Conservative Protestantism in the Age of Billy Graham (Baker Academic, 2003)

Edward J. Larson, Summer for the God’s: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion (Harvard, 1997)

Michael Lindsay, Faith in the Halls of Power: How Evangelicals Joined the American Elite (Oxford, 2007)

George Marsden, Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Evangelicalism, 1870-1925, 2nd edition (Oxford, 2006)

George Marsden, Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1987)

Steven P. Miller, The Age of Evangelicalism: America’s Born-Again Years (Oxford, 2014)

Mark Noll, The Scandal of the Evangelical Mind (Eerdmans, 1994)

Brian Steensland and Philip Goff, eds., The New Evangelical Social Engagement (Oxford, 2013)

David R. Swartz, Moral Minority: The Evangelical Left in an Age of Conservativism (Pennsylvania, 2014)

John G. Turner, Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ: The Renewal of Evangelicalism in Postwar America (UNC, 2008)

Molly Worthen, Apostles of Reason: The Crisis of Authority in American Evangelicalism (Oxford, 2014)

Grant Wacker, Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture (Harvard, 2001)


Sunday, 2 November 2014

The Closing of the ISAE

I recently traveled to Wheaton College for the closing of the Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals (ISAE). Although I have been to Chicago many times, I have never visited Wheaton, and so it was nice to tour the campus of arguably the most influential evangelical liberal arts college in America.

On Thursday, Tim Larsen, Andy Tooley, Larry Eskridge, and I had dinner at a Thai restaurant with our former PhD supervisor, David Bebbington. Tim passed around Eileen Bebbington's new biography of her husband with Wipf and Stock as we enjoyed lots of good conversation.

Later that evening, I attended the panel discussion on "A Movement for the 21st-Century: The Future of Evangelicalism," with comments from David Bebbington, Mark Hutchinson, Mark Noll, and Grant Wacker, and chaired by Nathan Hatch. Bebbington politely criticized the ISAE's name, arguing that the institute was not limited to the United States and that it did not focus on individuals, but rather the movement of evangelicalism. Mark Hutchinson and Mark Noll spoke about the social influence of the ISAE, probing the audience to consider the intellectual currents of evangelicalism in its historic past as well as the future impact of this movement. Grant Wacker presented a list of several features of evangelical studies that he felt optimistic about, including the trend in biographical studies and some of the younger historians who have emerged to analyze the movement in a critical and sympathetic way.

In addition to the panel discussion, there was also a brief video that highlighted the camaraderie of the ISAE's founding members, with historic images of Noll, Hatch, Wacker, George Marsden, and the Canadian scholar George Rawlyk and their families getting together for meals and fellowship. The session ended with some laudatory comments by Noll, Wacker, Joel Carpenter, and D. G. Hart on Edith Blumhofer's scholarship and her contribution to the ISAE. The whole evening carried with it a bitter-sweet tone of congratulatory speeches amidst the somber reality of the institute's closing.

On Friday, a series of informal  discussions took place at Wheaton's Harbor House on the "ISAE: A Retrospective on the Institute and Its Work," "The Funding and Hosting of Evangelical Scholarship," and "Scholarship on Evangelicals: Persistent Dilemmas and New Avenues," with prepared comments from Joel Carpenter, D. G. Hart, Molly Worthen, Grant Wacker, and Stephen Miller. In the first session, Hart and others evaluated their time and involvement with the ISAE, offering an analysis of the institute's influence amidst some of the historical challenges that directors faced over the years. The second meeting was more or less a brainstorming session in which Carpenter and Hatch asked the audience to consider alternative sites for a institute on the study of evangelicalism in America. In the final session, Dochuk, Kidd, Miller, and Worthen presented on the future of evangelicalism in America. The session ended with Michael Hamilton of Seattle Pacific leading the audience in a celebration of Larry Eskridge's contribution to the ISAE and discussion of the latter's award-winning book, God's Forever Family: The Jesus People Movement in America.

Overall, I am glad to have attended the closing festivities of the ISAE. It will be interesting to see if another Christian college establishes a similar institute, or if this is truly the end of any center devoted to the study of evangelicalism.